Astronomy is one of the easiest sciences to do from anywhere by anyone.
People have been staring at the night sky and wondering since time began.
The night sky can be enjoyed from almost anywhere by following a few simple tips and tricks.
Autumn through spring are the easiest and best times to stargaze in the southern hemisphere because the Milky Way is overhead and the nights are earlier. However, there are always plenty of things to see no matter the time or the season.
All you need are clear skies and a place to look up. For many, just watching the Moon go through phases and observing the movements of the brightest planets during the month can be exciting.
This can be seen from anywhere as long as the light pollution is not too bad and there are few clouds.
The weather plays the most important part when it comes to stargazing.
Nothing ruins an astronomer’s night, whether they are amateur or professional, more than clouds.
Here are a few simple tricks to get you stargazing at our wonderful night skies.
The first is to become familiar with the night sky. This is a lot easier today than it was in the past with so many amazing apps that you can load onto your phone or tablet. With these apps, you can hold your phone up and have it identify what all those fuzzy things or bright stars are.
There are also countless books and planetarium programs, as well as good old-fashioned star charts, that will help you figure out what you want to look at on any given night. Having a plan makes everything a lot easier before you head outside.
It makes sense to be able to identify at least a few of the major constellations. For example, can you find the Southern Cross? It is in the southern part of the sky and has two bright stars called the Pointers always in company with it.
Another popular and easy-to-identify constellation is the Scorpion, and above it is Sagittarius, which looks more like a teapot. These are visible between our southern autumn and spring.
Coming into late spring as you’re in summer is the well-known group of stars often called the saucepan but correctly known as Orion.
By learning to identify these easily found constellations, it will help you navigate the sky better.
There is plenty to see that doesn’t require a telescope. A good pair of binoculars can help you see more, but there is still heaps to see with just your eyes.
One of the simplest ways to look for objects in the night sky is to use one of the many astronomy apps available.
These apps will show where the constellations, planets, the moon, and even the International Space Station can be found. The pictures above are from a free planetarium program called Stellarium, which works on all devices including PCs and Macs.
The second simple tip is to choose a spot as far away from light pollution as possible. Light pollution unfortunately limits how much we can see with our naked eyes. It’s a reason why people travel to the country predominantly to be able to see the skies. However, you can still see a lot even from your suburban backyard.
Most of the brightest stars and planets are still able to be seen even in our capital cities.
To see a star-studded sky and the Milky Way itself, you may need to travel to a remote area far away from the city. More of the night sky is visible the farther away from city lights you are.
But don’t let that put you off! Your local park can be a great place for stargazing since they are usually darker than surrounding neighborhoods and are family-friendly.
Finally, let your eyes adjust to the dark. This is really important. The most important thing every stargazer needs is patience. Your eyes will start to adjust to the dark within minutes of turning off the lights, but everybody’s eyes are different. To adjust to the darkness completely can take up to 30 to 35 minutes. And once adjusted, it is really, really important not to use a flashlight or look at your phone or camera screen as this can totally ruin your night vision. Most apps have a night vision mode which makes the screen more red. Another way, if you need a light, is to use a torch with red cellophane over it in multiple layers to dim the light. Red cellophane can also be used over your smartphone or camera screen so as not to ruin your vision.
Another time patience is needed is if you’re going out to watch the meteor shower, like some of us will be doing later this month and in November and December for the upcoming meteor showers. Unless you’re under a very dark sky, you need to allow your eyes to become fully dark adapted and patiently look up and wait as sometimes the meteors can be a few minutes apart.
The key thing is to get out there and have a go, get as far away from lights as you can, and just look up – and be amazed at what you can see.